After four long years, European policy makers reached an agreement on the European data protection reform and the terms of the upcoming General Data Protection regulation (GDPR) – formally known as the “Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data”.
The GDPR will finally be adopted in the next few days and will take effect early 2018. As such, the GDPR will be replacing the European Data Protection Directive of 1995.
The ash cloud and data cloud have had much in common: both have had global implications and may have caused Europe falling outside a major technological revolution. There is a strong collision between two conflicting normative models: the European model and the American model about privacy. For an American, it is not a "fundamental right" recognized by the Constitution.
According to the website Mashable, in 2012, 90% of US companies declared that some of their computers had been breached at least once in the past 12 months; 65% of global Internet users declare that they have been victims of cybercrime, either through viruses, online credit card fraud or identity theft. Every week the media report cyber attacks against Apple, Facebook, Twitter, Banks, Governments. In many cases, these security incidents result in compromising personal data; fight against cybercrime is more and more related to data protection.