Is a professional email address – such as JohnNewton@Xstatehospital.com – personal data? Well, in France no, but in Greece yes. Section 13 of EU Directive 2002/58/CE governs the collection and use of email addresses. This directive was implemented in France in 2004 (Loi nº 2004-575 du 21 juin 2004) and also in Greece in 2006 (Law 3471/2006 art.11 section 3).
The recent spying scandals related to Snowden’s revelations, made European citizen’s loose trust in the US data privacy system. Therefore, the US should work on bringing that trust back, EU justice commissioner Reding believes and states at the meeting in Washington to negiotate an agreement for law enforcement purposes.
Our democracy is far from being perfect, in part, in which citizens vote to mere "intermediaries" or "representatives" of popular sovereignty. Another system is possible: Rousseau did not want a representative democracy such as this, but a direct democracy, ie that exercised by the people directly, without intermediaries and without alienating in the hands of any alien power or representative.
The Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) is dismayed with the continuous government surveillance of European citizens and particularly with the targeting of communications protected by professional secrecy, such as the lawyer-client communications and claims “the EU institutions to create the necessary legal and technological framework in order to safeguard professional secrecy”.
It was only after year 2010 that Greek patients got a unique social security identification number. Until then insured citizens were identified only through the number of their health booklets given by their various social security organizations. Law 3892/2010 set an electronic system of public health (e-health), and today the bigger part of it has been already implemented.